Indonesia

Key Achievements of the CEDAW SEAP Phase II Programme in Indonesia

Indonesia repealed the regulation on medicalization of female circumcision on the 6th February 2014 which took long process of advocacy since 2012, where UN Women supported women’s NGOs and a series of meetings and consultation with the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection (MOWECP). The process brought various experts from prominent Muslim scholars, women’s lawyers, pediatrician, and obstetric gynecology who advocate ensuring the government withdraws the regulation through their own particular background.

National Mid Term Development Plan (RPJMN) of Government of Indonesia integrated gender mainstreaming into development planning which will be used as a policy guidance to all ministries. UN Women provided support to develop a background study on the National Mid Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2014-2019.

Modules and Curriculum of CEDAW capacity building is used by NGOs and shared into sub national level for related CEDAW training.

Key Achievements per Outcome (CEDAW Prodoc Outcomes)

Outcome 1: Increased knowledge and skills to apply CEDAW compliance in the development and monitoring of new and revised legislative frameworks.

  • Ministry of Health repealed regulation No.1636/MenKes/Per/XII/2010 on medicalization of female circumcision. UN Women supported advocacy of these process from the initial meeting with related ministries and with women’s NGOs. During consultation meetings UN Women also provided related experts to argue the issue such as prominent Muslim religious scholars, obstetric gynecology, human rights lawyers, and doctors. The process of advocacy took quite long, which started from 2012 until February 2014. Repealing the regulation is a responsibility of the Indonesia government to follow up Concluding Observation in 2012 para 22.
  • Child marriage is very high in Indonesia which is number 2nd in ASEAN after Cambodia. This condition is highly contributed from Indonesia Marriage Law in article mentioned that minimum age of marriage for female is 16 which is considered as child age refer to Convention on the Rights of the Child. CEDAW Committee on the Concluding Observation urged Indonesia to revise the law. UN Women supported NGOs onJudicial Review of Marriage Law No.1 1974 on article 7. Court hearing was conducted with inputs from various experts such as prominent Muslem scholars, pediatriciant, gynegologist, human rights lawyers .The judicial review process raised the issue of the collusion of State and religious institutions in determining women’s rights in the private lives.   As a result of this long advocacy, various media have highlighted the issue creating awareness amongst the public on the root causes and systematic violation of women’s rights by the State.

Outcome 2:  Increased awareness among formal and informal justice system actors of CEDAW commitments.

  • Indonesia National Medium Term of Development (RPJMN) 2015-2019 is a policy guidance for all ministries to develop their own strategic planning. It prioritizes gender mainstreaming as a strategy to integrate gender perspective into development, starting from planning, budgeting, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, program and activities, where CEDAW is used to monitor. UN Women has been working closely with Ministry of National Development Plan providing support and technical assistance during the process of background studies of RPJMN.

Outcome 3: Strengthened monitoring and accountability mechanisms for implementation of CEDAW commitments.

  • Government of Indonesia submitted CEDAW report on the 6th and 7th to the CEDAW Committee on 2011.
  • Government of Indonesia submitted CEDAW progress report after 2 years of CEDAW report submission. This was requested from Concluding Observation to the Government of Indonesia.
  • UN Women has provided capacity building for MOWECP and related ministries to be able to monitor the implementation of CEDAW in Indonesia.
  • CSOs are able to monitor implementation of CEDAW in Indonesia and submitted NGOs shadow report   through continues capacity building on substantive issues related to CEDAW. The CSOs including marginalized group of women; LBT, Indigenous Papua, and women with disability.
  • Modules and curriculum of CEDAW is developed and used by NGOs.